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Zuizhuang Sima Shi biao 罪狀司馬師表 (Table of Sima Shi's Wrongdoings) is a Chinese text written Guanqiu Jian and Wen Qin. The text is written to announce the righteousness of their rebellion.

Bits of informationEdit

Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit

Book of Wei 28 - Biography of Guanqiu JianEdit

  1. 儉、欽等表曰:「故相國懿,匡輔魏室,歷事忠貞,故烈祖明皇帝授以寄託之任。懿勠力盡節,以寧華夏。又以齊王聦明,無有穢德,乃心勤盡忠以輔上,天下賴之。懿欲討滅二虜以安宇內,始分軍糧,克時同舉,未成而薨。齊王以懿有輔己大功,故遂使師承統懿業,委以大事。而師以盛年在職,無疾託病,坐擁彊兵,無有臣禮,朝臣非之,義士譏之,天下所聞,其罪一也。懿造計取賊,多舂軍糧,克期有日。師為大臣,當除國難,又為人子,當卒父業。哀聲未絕而便罷息,為臣不忠,為子不孝,其罪二也。賊退過東關,坐自起衆,三征同進,喪衆敗績,歷年軍實,一旦而盡,致使賊來,天下騷動,死傷流離,其罪三也。賊舉國悉衆,號五十萬,來向壽春,圖詣洛陽,會太尉孚與臣等建計,乃杜塞要險,不與爭鋒,還固新城。淮南將士,衝鋒履刃,晝夜相守,勤瘁百日,死者塗地,自魏有軍已來,為難苦甚,莫過於此。而師遂意自由,不論封賞,權勢自在,無所領錄,其罪四也。故中書令李豊等,以師無人臣節,欲議退之。師知而請豊,其夕拉殺,載尸埋棺。豊等為大臣,帝王腹心,擅加酷暴,死無罪名,師有無君之心,其罪五也。懿每歎說齊王自堪人主,君臣之義定。奉事以來十有五載,始欲歸政,按行武庫,詔問禁兵不得妄出。師自知姦慝,人神所不祐,矯廢君主,加之以罪。孚,師之叔父,性甚仁孝,追送齊王,悲不自勝。群臣皆怒而師懷忍,不顧大義,其罪六也。又故光祿大夫張緝,無罪而誅,夷其妻子,并及母后,逼恐至尊,彊催督遣,臨時哀愕,莫不傷痛;而師稱慶,反以歡喜,其罪七也。陛下踐阼,聦明神武,事經聖心,欲崇省約,天下聞之,莫不歡慶;而師不自改悔,脩復臣禮,而方徵兵募士,毀壞宮內,列侯自衞。陛下即阼,初不朝覲。陛下欲臨幸師舍以省其疾,復拒不通,不奉法度,其罪八也。近者領軍許允當為鎮北,以厨錢給賜,而師舉奏加辟,雖云流徙,道路餓殺,天下聞之,莫不哀傷,其罪九也。三方之守,一朝闕廢,多選精兵,以自營衞,五營領兵,闕而不補,多載器杖,充聚本營,天下所聞,人懷憤怨,譌言盈路,以疑海內,其罪十也。多休守兵,以占高第,以空虛四表,欲擅彊勢,以逞姦心,募取屯田,加其復賞,阻兵安忍,壞亂舊法。合聚諸藩王公以著鄴,欲悉誅之,一旦舉事廢主。天不長惡,使目腫不成,其罪十一也。臣等先人皆隨從太祖武皇帝征討凶暴,獲成大功,與高祖文皇帝即受漢禪,開國承家,猶堯舜相傳也。臣與安豐護軍鄭翼、廬江護軍呂宣、太守張休、淮南太守丁尊、督守合肥護軍王休等議,各以累世受恩,千載風塵,思尽軀命,以完全社稷安主為効。斯義苟立,雖焚妻子,吞炭漆身,死而不恨也。按師之罪,宜加大辟,以彰姦慝。春秋之義,一世為善,十世宥之。懿有大功,海內所書,依古典議,廢師以侯就第。弟昭,忠肅寬明,樂善好士,有高世君子之度,忠誠為國,不與師同。臣等碎首所保,可以代師輔導聖躬。太尉孚,忠孝小心,所宜親寵,授以保傅。護軍散騎常侍望,忠公親事,當官稱能,奉迎乘輿,有宿衞之舊,可為中領軍。春秋之義,大義滅親,故周公誅弟,石碏戮子,季友鴆兄,上為國計,下全宗族。殛鯀用禹,聖人明典,古今所稱。乞陛下下臣等所奏,朝堂博議。臣言當道,使師遜位避賢者,罷兵去備,如三皇舊法,則天下協同。若師負勢恃衆不自退者,臣等率將所領,晝夜兼行,惟命是授。臣等今日所奏,惟欲使大魏永存,使陛下得行君意,遠絕亡之禍,百姓安全,六合一躰,使忠臣義士不愧於三皇五帝耳。臣恐兵起,天下擾亂,臣輙上事,移三征及州郡國典農,各安慰所部吏民,不得妄動,謹具以狀聞。惟陛下愛養精神,明慮危害,以寧海內。師專權用勢,賞罰自由,聞臣等舉衆,必下詔禁絕關津,使驛書不通,擅復徵調,有所收捕。此乃師詔,非陛下詔書,在所皆不得復承用。臣等道遠,懼文書不得皆通,輙臨時賞罰,以便宜從事,須定集上也。」

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • The start of the above quote says "儉、欽等表", which means "[Guanqiu] Jian, [Wen] Qin 欽, et cetera's table 表". So this table or list wasn't made just by Guanqiu Jian and Wen Qin.

ReferencesEdit


SourcesEdit

  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).

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