Zhìlín 志林 (The Forest of Records), written by Yu Xi 虞喜 of Jin.
Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit
Book of Wu 1 - Biography of Sun JianEdit
- Yu Xi's Zhilin states: “The six imperial seals had the following inscriptions: "The seal of the Emperor", "The seal of action of the Emperor", "The seal of credence of the Emperor", "The seal of the Son of Heaven", "The seal of action of the Son of Heaven", and "The seal of credence of the Son of Heaven". Each of the six seals was used for a different purpose, so their inscriptions were not the same. When the Xiandi qiju zhu says that "The Son of Heaven came back from the Yellow River, and the six seals were found in the harem apartments", these are what he was talking about.
- The Great Seal of State, however, is the seal of the Qin emperors that Emperor Gao of Han wore at his waist. It was handed down from generation to generation and was known as Chuanguo Xi (Seal Which Transmits the State). Note that the Great Seal of State was not coutned among the six seals, so how can we discuss them in the same category?
- The Han guan [yi] by Ying Shao and the [Diwang] shiji by Huangfu both discuss the six seals and their descriptions agree.
- According to Han guan, the Great Seal of the State had the inscription "For the one who receives the mandate from Heaven, may he live long and prosper". The two phrases "and prosper" and "and prosper forever" are confusing; we cannot tell which of the two versions is correct.
- Gold and jade in their pure state each have a light of their own, and if they are in the form of a sacred object or a mysterious treasure then they would shine still more brightly. This is the remarkable sight of the age and will become a great tale for future times. To call something false just because it cannot be explained, that is surely going too far.
- When Chen Shou wrote the Polu zhuan (Sun Jian's biography), he left out this story. He was evidently doubtful of the [account in the Xiandi] qiju zhu. He did not realize that the six seals were quite different, and that the Great Seal of the State was a seventh seal.
- During the time of the Wu, there was no one who was good at carving jade, and so the emperors used gold for their seals, but though the seals were made of gold there was no difference in the inscriptions. When Wu surrendered and handed over the seals, the handed over the six seals of the emperors. The jade seal which Sun Jian had obtained earlier, however, and which had been left by the men of the past, was unfit for use. Anyone who finds it difficult to explain the fact of the missing seal does not understand this point.”
- Zhilin states: “Jian had five sons: Ce, Quan, Yi and Kuang were born by his wife of the Wu clan. His youngest son Lang was born by a concubine; Sun Lang had the second personal name Ren.”
Book of Wu 1 - Biography of Sun CeEdit
Book of Wu 2 - Biography of Sun QuanEdit
Book of Wu 5 - Biography of Lady WuEdit
Book of Wu 6 - Biography of Sun KuangEdit
Book of Wu 8 - Biography of Yan JunEdit
Book of Wu 19 - Biography of Zhuge KeEdit
- Also known as 志林新書 Zhìlín xīnshū
- Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
- Cutter, Robert Joe and William Gordon Crowell. Empresses and Consorts - Selections from Chen Shou's Records of the Three States with Pei Songzhi's Commentary. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1999.