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Zhao Yun biezhuan

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The Zhao Yun biezhuan 趙雲別傳 (Secondary Biography of Zhao Yun) was a Chinese biographical text about the Shu-Han officer Zhao Yun.

Bits of informationEdit

Zhao Yun lived until 229. In his career he served Gongsun Zan, Yuan Shao, Liu Bei and Liu Shan.

Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit

Book of Shu 6 - Biography of Zhao YunEdit

  1. 《雲別傳》曰:雲身長八尺,姿顏雄偉,為本郡所舉,將義從吏兵詣公孫瓚。時袁紹稱兾州牧,瓚深憂州人之從紹也,善雲來附,嘲雲曰:「聞貴州人皆願袁氏,君何獨迴心,迷而能反乎?」雲荅曰:「天下訩訩,未知孰是,民有倒縣之厄,鄙州論議,從仁政所在,不為忽袁公私明將軍也。」遂與瓚征討。時先主亦依託瓚,每接納雲,雲得深自結託。雲以兄喪,辭瓚暫歸,先主知其不反,捉手而別,雲辭曰:「終不背德也。」先主就袁紹,雲見於鄴。先主與雲同床眠卧,密遣雲合募得數百人,皆稱劉左將軍部曲,紹不能知。遂隨先主至荊州。
  2. 《雲別傳》曰:初,先主之敗,有人言雲已北去者,先主以手戟擿之曰:「子龍不棄我走也。」頃之,雲至。從平江南,以為偏將軍,領桂陽太守,代趙範。範寡嫂曰樊氏,有國色,範欲以配雲。雲辭曰:「相與同姓,卿兄猶我兄。」固辭不許。時有人勸雲納之,雲曰:「範迫降耳,心未可測;天下女不少。」遂不取。範果逃走,雲無纖介。先是,與夏侯惇戰於博望,生獲夏侯蘭。蘭是雲鄉里人,少小相知,雲白先主活之,薦蘭明於法律,以為軍正。雲不用自近,其慎慮類如此。先主入益州,雲領留營司馬。此時先主孫夫人以權妹驕豪,多將吳吏兵,縱橫不法。先主以雲嚴重,必能整齊,特任掌內事。權聞備西征,大遣舟船迎妹,而夫人內欲將後主還吳,雲與張飛勒兵截江,乃得後主還。
  3. 《雲別傳》曰:益州旣定,時議欲以成都中屋舍及城外園地桑田分賜諸將。雲駮之曰:「霍去病以匈奴未滅,無用家為,令國賊非但匈奴,未可求安也。須天下都定,各反桑梓,歸耕本土,乃其宜耳。益州人民,初罹兵革,田宅皆可歸還,今安居復業,然後可役調,得其歡心。」先主即從之。夏侯淵敗,曹公爭漢中地,運米北山下,數千萬囊。黃忠以為可取,雲兵隨忠取米。忠過期不還,雲將數十騎輕行出圍,迎視忠等。值曹公揚兵大出,雲為公前鋒所擊,方戰,其大衆至,勢逼,遂前突其陣,且鬬且却。公軍散,已復合,雲陷敵,還趣圍。將張著被創,雲復馳馬還營迎著。公軍追至圍,此時沔陽長張翼在雲圍內,翼欲閉門拒守,而雲入營,更大開門,偃旗息鼓。公軍疑雲有伏兵,引去。雲雷鼓震天,惟以戎弩於後射公軍,公軍驚駭,自相蹂踐,墮漢水中死者甚多。先主明旦自來至雲營圍視昨戰處,曰:「子龍一身都是膽也。」作樂飲宴至暝,軍中號雲為虎威將軍。孫權襲荊州,先主大怒,欲討權。雲諫曰:「國賊是曹操,非孫權也,且先滅魏,則吳自服。操身雖斃,子丕篡盜,當因衆心,早圖關中,居河、渭上流以討凶逆,關東義士必裹糧策馬以迎王師。不應置魏,先與吳戰;兵勢一交,不得卒解也。」先主不聽,遂東征,留雲督江州。先主失利於秭歸,雲進兵至永安,吳軍已退。
  4. 《雲別傳》曰:亮曰:「街亭軍退,兵將不復相錄,箕谷軍退,兵將初不相失,何故?」芝荅曰:「雲身自斷後,軍資什物略無所棄,兵將無緣相失。」雲有軍資餘絹,亮使分賜將士,雲曰:「軍事無利,何為有賜?其物請悉入赤岸府庫,須十月為冬賜。」亮大善之。
  5. 《雲別傳》載後主詔曰:「雲昔從先帝,功績旣著。朕以幼沖,涉塗艱難,賴恃忠順,濟於危險。夫謚所以叙元勳也,外議雲宜謚。」大將軍姜維等議,以為雲昔從先帝,勞績旣著,經營天下,遵奉法度,功效可書。當陽之役,義貫金石,忠以衞上,君念其賞,禮以厚下,臣忘其死。死者有知,足以不溺;生者感恩,足以殞身。謹按謚法,柔賢慈惠曰順,執事有班曰平,克定禍亂曰平,應謚雲曰順平侯。
  6. “The Zhao Yun biezhuan, containing the Later Lord’s 後主 (Liu Shan) edict: “Zhao Yun served Liu Bei in the past and his contributions are commendable. I (Liu Shan) was able to escape dangers owing to his loyalty and dependability. Hence, it is only appropriate to speak of Zhao Yun as an important contributor to the country.” The Commander-in-Chief Jiang Wei and others deduced that since Zhao Yun served Liu Bei in the past and had significant contributions, was law-abiding hence his contributions should be recorded. The feat at Dangyang was a show of loyalty and righteousness. As such, the ruler would be eternally grateful to his subordinate. According to the rules of giving posthumous titles, the gentle, kind and virtuous would be given the character Shun; able to execute task well and able to stamp out disorder would be given the character Ping, hence Zhao Yun was given the posthumous title of Marquis of Shunping.”[1]

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Sonken". biography of Zhao Yun. Retrieved from Kongming's Archives: kongming.net

SourcesEdit

  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
  • "Sonken". biography of Zhao Yun. Retrieved from Kongming's Archives: kongming.net

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