Bits of informationEdit
The author Chen Shou lived from 233 to 297 and is also the author of the Records of the Three Kingdoms.
The Yibu qijiu zhuan was originally 10 pian 篇 long. 'Pian' refers to a part of a larger text, such as a chapter, but also an article. The Book of Sui mentions this text, but says it has only 11 juan 卷 of it. A juan is commonly translated into 'chapter' and is always 'smaller' than a pian; a pian can consist of juan, but not vice versa.
Pei Songzhi also cited a Yibu qijiu zhuan zaji by one Chen Shu 陳術. Chen Shu was writing in the first half of the 3rd century. An older contemporary of Chen Shou. Due to the title of their work being very similar some of its content may have been extracted from one another.
Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit
Book of Shu 1 - Biography of Liu YanEdit
- Chen Shou’s Accounts of Venerable Men and Ancient Affairs of Yi Division says: “Dong Fu, style name Mao'an 茂安. In his youth, he studied with teachers and became versed in several classics simultaneously. He was fond of the Ouyang 歐陽 school of the Shang shu 尚書 and also served the invited scholar (pin shi 聘士) Yang Hou 楊厚 (72-153) and thoroughly investigated prognostication texts. Subsequently, he went to the capital and visited the Academy. He returned home to expound and teach, and his disciples came from afar. In the first year of the Yongkang 永康 reign period (167/168) there was a solar eclipse. An edict called for recommendations of the capable and good and sincere and upright and examined them on the successes and failures of the government. Eastern Supporter (zuo pingyi 左馮翊) Zhao Qian 趙謙, and others recommended Dong Fu. Dong did not come because of illness. While still far away from Chang’an, he submitted a sealed memorial, then pleading that his illness was severe, he returned home. He was appointed ten times by the chancellor’s office, an official carriage was sent to summon him three times, and he was repeatedly recommended as capable and good and sincere and upright, as an erudit, and as a possessor of the Way (you dao 有道), but he never went. His reputation became extremely distinguished.
- “General-in-chief He Jin submitted a memorial recommending Dong Fu, which said: ‘Dong embodies the virtues of You 游 and Xia 夏, and he transmits the teachings of Confucius. Internally he cherishes the ‘eradicate and restore’ techniques of Jiao Yanshou 焦延壽 [fl. 50 B.C.] and Dong Zhongshu 董仲舒 [176-104 B.C.]. Just now Bing and Liang Provinces are in turmoil, and the Western Jung 戎 are rebellious. You should specially order an official carriage to summon him, treat him with exceptional courtesy, and devise and plan superior strategies with him.’ Thereupon, Emperor Ling summoned Dong Fu and appointed him palace attendant. At court he was praised as a master scholar, and he was regarded with immense reverence. He asked to be made chief commandant of dependent states (shu guo duwei 屬國都尉) for Shu commandery. A year after Fu had gone to his post, Emperor Ling died, and the empire fell into great chaos. He subsequently left office and died at home at the age of eighty-two. At the beginning, there were few people in Yi province who could match Fu at advocacy and debate. Consequently, he was given the nickname ‘Stops on Arrival,’ which meant that since none could match him, when he arrived somewhere, conversation stopped. Later Chancellor Zhuge Liang 諸葛亮 (181-234) asked Qin Mi 秦宓 about Fu's strengths. Mi replied, ‘Dong Fu praised even the slightest good and disparaged the minutest evil.”
Book of Shu 8 - Biography of Xu JingEdit
Book of Shu 8 - Biography of Qin MiEdit
Book of Shu 12 - Biography of Qiao ZhouEdit
Book of Shu 13 - Biography of Ma ZhongEdit
Book of Shu 13 - Biography of Zhang Ni (張嶷)Edit
- The Accounts of Venerable Men and Ancient Affairs of Yi Division states: Ni came from orphaned and poor origins, but when young had generous and strong character.
- The Accounts of Venerable Men and Ancient Affairs of Yi Division states: Ni received troops and horses three hundred men, and followed Ma Zhong in suppressing the rebelling Qiang. Ni had a separate command of several battalions at the front, and arrived at Tali. The location of the village was high and steep. Ni climbed the mountains and set up camp four to five li high. The Qiang at a critical pass built a stone gate, atop the gate set a platform, and gathered stones atop it, so that any who tried to pass they would throw stones and strike them, and none were not destroyed and torn. Ni judged that they could not be attacked, so he sent an interpreter to inform them: “All you tribes of Wen mountain have rebelled and done harm to the innocent, and Heaven’s Son ordered us to at once to suppress and destroy the evil. If you all bow your heads and permit the army to pass, giving provisions and supplies, then you will enjoy good fortune and eternal prosperity and will be repaid a hundredfold. If to the end you do not obey, the great [main] army will arrive and execute you, like a lightning bolt striking down, and though you may repent then, it will do you no good.” When the elder leaders received this command, they at once went out to meet with Ni, gave provisions and let the army pass. The army advanced to attack all the tribes. When all the tribes heard that Tali had already fallen, they were all terrified and confused. Some welcomed the army and went out to surrender. Some fled away into the valleys. The soldiers were sent out to attack, and the army was triumphant. Later the southern foreigner Liu Zhuu again rebelled, and Ma Zhong was appointed Commander of Laijiang to suppress Zhou, with Ni again under his command, and [Zhang Ni] always led the army at the head, and thereupon beheaded Zhou. When the pacification of the south was finished, in Zangke and Xinggu [commandery] Liao tribes again revolted. Ma Zhong ordered Ni to command all the battalions to go suppress them. Ni also internally enticed surrenders and obtained two thousand men, who were all transferred to Hanzhong.
Book of Shu 15 - Biography of Zhang Yi (張翼)Edit
- Chen Shou 陳壽
- Records of the Three Kingdoms
- Wei mingchen zou
- Yibu qijiu zhuan zaji
- List of cited texts in Records of the Three Kingdoms
- In the Book of Shu 8 a Yizhou qijiu zhuan 益州耆舊傳 is quoted. This seems to be a miswriting for Yibu 益部.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 de Crespigny. “Index of Books and Writers quoted in the P'ei Sung-chih commentary to San-kuo chih” in The Records of the Three Kingdoms.
- ↑ Chen Shou. "Book of Shu 1" in Records of the Three Kingdoms, cited by Pei Songzhi.
- ↑ Crowell, Record of The Three Kingdoms: The History of Shu Fascicle One: “The Two Shepherds Liu”.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "jiuyangda", biography of Zhang Ni. Retrieved from Xuesanguo: xuesanguo.tumblr.com.
- Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
- Cutter, Robert Joe and William Gordon Crowell. Record of The Three Kingdoms: The History of Shu. Fascicle 1. www.academia.edu, 2005. 3 Fascicles.
- de Crespigny, Rafe. The Records of the Three Kingdoms: a study in the historiography of San-kuo chih. Canberra: The Australian National University, 1970.
- "jiuyangda". Xuesanguo <xuesanguo.tumblr.com>.