The Rising of Later Yellow Turbans in Yi Province (qǐ huítóu Huángjīn Yìzhōu 起回頭黃巾益州) was a rebellion initiated and led by Ma Xiang in the sixth month of 188.
Ma Xiang 馬相, Zhao Zhi 趙祗, and other bandits of Yi Province raised troops at Mianzhu 绵竹, called themselves Yellow Turbans, and killed the Inspector if Yi Province Que Jian 卻儉. They went forward and attacked Ba commandery 巴 and Jianwei commandery 犍為, and in the matter of a few weeks they had defeated and destroyed the forces of three commanderies. Their army was several ten thousand men, and Ma Xiang called himself Son of Heaven.
Jia Long, an Attendant Official of the province, led officers and people to attack Ma Xiang and the others, After several days the rebels were defeated and fled, the territory of the province was at peace, and Jia Long collected his troops to receive Liu Yan 劉焉.
Liu Yan shifted his administration to Mianzhu, settled the unrest, and was careful to act generously and to obtain the support of the people.
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