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Xiangyang jijiu ji

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Xiangyang jijiu ji 襄陽耆舊記 (“Accounts of the Elders of Xiangyang”) is a history work written by Xi Zuochi 習鑿齒 in the fourth century. It was cited on various occasions by Pei Songzhi for his annotations on Records of the Three Kingdoms.

Bits of informationEdit

Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit

Book of Shu 5 - Biography of Zhuge LiangEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:劉備訪世事於司馬德操。德操曰:「儒生俗士,豈識時務?識時務者在乎俊傑。此間自有伏龍、鳳雛。」備問為誰,曰:「諸葛孔明、龐士元也。」
  2. 《襄陽記》曰:亮初亡,所在各求為立廟,朝議以禮秩不聽,百姓遂因時節私祭之於道陌上。言事者或以為可聽立廟於成都者,後主不從。步兵校尉習隆、中書郎向充等共上表曰:「臣聞周人懷召伯之德,甘棠為之不伐;越王思范蠡之功,鑄金以存其像。自漢興以來,小善小德而圖形立廟者多矣。況亮德範遐邇,勳蓋季世,王室之不壞,實斯人是賴,而蒸甞止於私門,廟像闕而莫立,使百姓巷祭,戎夷野祀,非所以存德念功,述追在昔者也。今若盡順民心,則瀆而無典,建之京師,又偪宗廟,此聖懷所以惟疑也。臣愚以為宜因近其墓,立之於沔陽,使所親屬以時賜祭,凡其臣故吏欲奉祠者,皆限至廟。斷其私祀,以崇正禮。」於是始從之。
  3. 《襄陽記》曰:黃承彥者,高爽開列,為沔南名士,謂諸葛孔明曰:「聞君擇婦;身有醜女,黃頭黑色,而才堪相配。」孔明許,即載送之。時人以為笑樂,鄉里為之諺曰:「莫作孔明擇婦,止得阿承醜女。」

Book of Shu 7 - Biography of Pang TongEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:諸葛孔明為卧龍,龐士元為鳳雛,司馬德操為水鏡,皆龐德公語也。德公,襄陽人。孔明每至其家,獨拜牀下,德公初不令止。德操甞造德公,值其渡沔,上祀先人墓,德操徑入其室,呼德公妻子,使速作黍,「徐元直向云有客當來就我與龐公譚。」其妻子皆羅列拜於堂下,奔走供設。須臾,德公還,直入相就,不知何者是客也。德操年小德公十歲,兄事之,呼作龐公,故世人遂謂龐公是德公名,非也。德公子山民,亦有令名,娶諸葛孔明小姊,為魏黃門吏部郎,早卒。子渙,字世文,晉太康中為牂牁太守。統,德公從子也,少未有識者,惟德公重之,年十八,使往見德操。德操與語,旣而歎曰:「德公誠知人,此實盛德也。」
  2. The Xiangyang [jijiu] ji says: “Zhuge Liang was known as the Sleeping Dragon, Pang Tong was known as the Young Phoenix, and Sima Decao was known as the Water Mirror. These names were given by Pang Degong. Pang Degong was a man from Xiangyang. Each time Kongming went to his house, he made his prostrations at the front of his bed. Degong did not mind this. Decao wished to set Degong as an example. Once, Degong was away crossing the Mian river to worship his ancestors’ tomb. Decao hurried into the room and called Degong’s wife to quickly prepare some food and said “Xu Yuanzhi [Xu Shu] used to say that when guests have arrived, I greet them like Pang Gong”. His wife saluted to each of the guests in the main hall and rushed about serving them. When Degong returned and entered into the room, [everyone was so at home] he did not know who was really the guest. Decao was ten years younger than Degong and so treated him as an elder brother, whom he called ‘Pang Gong’. This led others to believe that ‘Pang Gong’ was Degong’s name, but this was not the case. Degong had a son called Pang Shanmin who also was well-known and married Zhuge Kongming’s elder sister. He worked in Wei as Huangmen Libu Lang and died young. He had a son called Pang Huan stylename Shiwen, who worked in the Taikang era of Jin as a Governor. Pang Tong was a nephew of Degong and was unknown by many when he was young. Degong treated him very well. When he was eighteen, he went to meet with Decao. Decao then said with a sigh, “Degong knows people well, that is such a good thing”.”[1]
  3. 《襄陽記》云:林婦,同郡習禎姉。禎事在楊戲《輔臣贊》。曹公之破荊州,林婦與林分隔,守養弱女十有餘年,後林隨黃權降魏,始復集聚。魏文帝聞而賢之,賜牀帳衣服,以顯其義節。

Book of Shu 9 - Biography of Ma LiangEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:建興三年,亮征南中,謖送之數十里。亮曰:「雖共謀之歷年,今可更惠良規。」謖對曰:「南中恃其險遠,不服乆矣,雖今日破之,明日復反耳。今公方傾國北伐以事彊賊。彼知官勢內虛,其叛亦速。若殄盡遺類以除後患,旣非仁者之情,且又不可倉卒也。夫用兵之道,攻心為上,攻城為下,心戰為上,兵戰為下,願公服其心而已。」亮納其策,赦孟獲以服南方。故終亮之世,南方不敢復反。
  2. 《襄陽記》曰:謖臨終與亮書曰:「明公視謖猶子,謖視明公猶父,願深惟殛鯀興禹之義,使平生之交不虧於此,謖雖死無恨於黃壤也。」于時十萬之衆為之垂涕。亮自臨祭,待其遺孤若平生。蔣琬後詣漢中,謂亮曰:「昔楚殺得臣,然後文公喜可知也。天下未定而戮智計之士,豈不惜乎!」亮流涕曰:「孫武所以能制勝於天下者,用法明也。是以楊干亂法,魏絳戮其僕。四海分裂,兵交方始,若復廢法,何用討賊邪!」

Book of Shu 9 - Biography of Dong YunEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:董恢字休緒,襄陽人。入蜀,以宣信中郎副費禕使吳。孫權嘗大醉問禕曰:「楊儀、魏延,牧豎小人也。雖嘗有鳴吠之益於時務,然既已任之,勢不得輕,若一朝無諸葛亮,必為禍亂矣。諸君憒憒,曾不知防慮於此,豈所謂貽厥孫謀乎?」禕愕然四顧視,不能即答。恢目禕曰:「可速言儀、延之不協起於私忿耳,而無黥、韓難御之心也。今方掃除彊賊,混一區夏,功以才成,業由才廣,若捨此不任,防其後患,是猶備有風波而逆廢舟楫,非長計也。」權大笑樂。諸葛亮聞之,以為知言。還未滿三日,辟為丞相府屬,遷巴郡太守。

Book of Shu 11 - Supplementary biography of Huo YiEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:羅憲字令則。父蒙,避亂於蜀,官至廣漢太守。憲少以才學知名,年十三能屬文。後主立太子,為太子舍人,遷庶子、尚書吏部郎,以宣信校尉再使於吳,吳人稱美焉。時黃皓預政,眾多附之,憲獨不與同,皓恚,左遷巴東太守。時右大將軍閻宇都督巴東,為領軍,後主拜憲為宇副貳。魏之伐蜀,召宇西還,留宇二千人,令憲守永安城。尋聞成都敗,城中擾動,江邊長吏皆棄城走,憲斬稱成都亂者一人,百姓乃定。得後主委質問至,乃帥所統臨于都亭三日。吳聞蜀敗,起兵西上,外託救援,內欲襲憲。憲曰:「本朝傾覆,吳為脣齒,不恤我難而徼其利,背盟違約。且漢已亡,吳何得久,寧能為吳降虜乎!」保城繕甲,告誓將士,厲以節義,莫不用命。吳聞鍾、鄧敗,百城無主,有兼蜀之志,而巴東固守,兵不得過,使步協率眾而西。憲臨江拒射,不能禦,遣參軍楊宗突圍北出,告急安東將軍陳騫,又送文武印綬、任子詣晉王。協攻城,憲出與戰,大破其軍。孫休怒,復遣陸抗等帥眾三萬人增憲之圍。被攻凡六月日而救援不到,城中疾病大半。或說憲奔走之計,憲曰:「夫為人主,百姓所仰,危不能安,急而棄之,君子不為也,畢命於此矣。」陳騫言於晉王,遣荊州刺史胡烈救憲,抗等引退。晉王即委前任,拜憲淩江將軍,封萬年亭侯。會武陵四縣舉眾叛吳,以憲為武陵太守巴東監軍。泰始元年改封西鄂縣侯。憲遣妻子居洛陽,武帝以子襲為給事中。三年冬,入朝,進位冠軍將軍、假節。四年三月,從帝宴于華林園,詔問蜀大臣子弟,後問先輩宜時敘用者,憲薦蜀郡常忌、杜軫、壽良、巴西陳壽、南郡高軌、南陽呂雅、許國、江夏費恭、琅邪諸葛京、汝南陳裕,即皆敘用,咸顯於世。憲還,襲取吳之巫城,因上伐吳之策。憲方亮嚴正,待士不倦,輕財好施,不治產業。六年薨,贈安南將軍,諡曰烈侯。子襲,以淩江將軍領部曲,早卒,追贈廣漢太守。襲子徽,順陽內史,永嘉五年為王如所殺。此作「獻」,名與本傳不同,未詳孰是也。

Book of Shu 11 - Biography of Xiang LangEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:朗少師事司馬德操,與徐元直、韓德高、龐士元皆親善。
  2. 《襄陽記》曰:朗遺言戒子曰:「傳稱師克在和不在眾,此言天地和則萬物生,君臣和則國家平,九族和則動得所求,靜得所安,是以聖人守和,以存以亡也。吾,楚國之小子耳,而早喪所天,為二兄所誘養,使其性行不隨祿利以墮。今但貧耳;貧非人患,惟和為貴,汝其勉之!」
  3. 《襄陽記》曰:條字文豹,亦博學多識,入晉為江陽太守、南中軍司馬。

Book of Shu 11 - Biography of Xiang ChongEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:魏咸熙元年六月,鎮西將軍衛瓘至於成都,得璧玉印各一枚,文似「成信」字,魏人宣示百官,藏于相國府。充聞之曰:「吾聞譙周之言,先帝諱備,其訓具也,後主諱禪,其訓授也,如言劉已具矣,當授與人也。今中撫軍名炎,而漢年極於炎興,瑞出成都,而藏之於相國府,此殆天意也。」是歲,拜充為梓潼太守,明年十二月而晉武帝即尊位,炎興於是乎徵焉。孫盛曰:昔公孫自以起成都,號曰成氏,二玉之文,殆述所作乎!

Book of Shu 15 - Biography of Yang XiEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:楊顒字子昭,楊儀宗人也。入蜀,為巴郡太守,丞相諸葛亮主簿。亮嘗自校簿書,顒直入諫曰:「為治有體,上下不可相侵,請為明公以作家譬之。今有人使奴執耕稼,婢典炊爨,雞主司晨,犬主吠盜,牛負重載,馬涉遠路,私業無曠,所求皆足,雍容高枕,飲食而已,忽一旦盡欲以身親其役,不復付任,勞其體力,為此碎務,形疲神困,終無一成。豈其智之不如奴婢雞狗哉?失為家主之法也。是故古人稱坐而論道謂之三公,作而行之謂之士大夫。故邴吉不問橫道死人而憂牛喘,陳平不肯知錢穀之數,云自有主者,彼誠達於位分之體也。今明公為治,乃躬自校簿書,流汗竟日,不亦勞乎!」亮謝之。後為東曹屬典選舉。顒死,亮垂泣三日。
  2. 《襄陽記》曰:習禎有風流,善談論,名亞龐統,而在馬良之右。子忠,亦有名。忠子隆,為步兵校尉,掌校祕書。

Book of Wu 3 - Biography of Sun XiuEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:衡字叔平,本襄陽卒家子也,漢末入吳為武昌庶民。聞羊茞有人物之鑒,往干之,茞曰:「多事之世,尚書劇曹郎才也。」是時校事呂壹操弄權柄,大臣畏偪,莫有敢言,茞曰:「非李衡無能困之者。」遂共薦為郎。權引見,衡口陳壹姦短數千言,權有愧色。數月,壹被誅,而衡大見顯擢。後常為諸葛恪司馬,幹恪府事。恪被誅,求為丹楊太守。時孫休在郡治,衡數以法繩之。妻習氏每諫衡,衡不從。會休立,衡憂懼,謂妻曰:「不用卿言,以至于此。」遂欲奔魏。妻曰:「不可。君本庶民耳,先帝相拔過重,既數作無禮,而復逆自猜嫌,逃叛求活,以此北歸,何面見中國人乎?」衡曰:「計何所出?」妻曰:「琅邪王素好善慕名,方欲自顯於天下,終不以私嫌殺君明矣。可自囚詣獄,表列前失,顯求受罪。如此,乃當逆見優饒,非但直活而已。」衡從之,果得無患,又加威遠將軍,援以棨戟。衡每欲治家,妻輒不聽,後密遣客十人於武陵龍陽汜洲上作宅,種甘橘千株。臨死,敕兒曰:「汝母惡我治家,故窮如是。然吾州里有千頭木奴,不責汝衣食,歲上一匹絹,亦可足用耳。」衡亡後二十餘日,兒以白母,母曰:「此當是種甘橘也,汝家失十戶客來七八年,必汝父遣為宅。汝父恆稱太史公言,『江陵千樹橘,當封君家』。吾答曰:『且人患無德義,不患不富,若貴而能貧,方好耳,用此何為!』」吳末,衡甘橘成,歲得絹數千匹,家道殷足。晉咸康中,其宅址枯樹猶在。

Book of Wu 3 - Biography of Sun HaoEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:悌字巨先,襄陽人,少有名理,孫休時為屯騎校尉。魏伐蜀,吳人問悌曰:「司馬氏得政以來,大難屢作,智力雖豐,而百姓未服也。今又竭其資力,遠征巴蜀,兵勞民疲而不知恤,敗於不暇,何以能濟?昔夫差伐齊,非不克勝,所以危亡,不憂其本也,況彼之爭地乎!」悌曰:「不然。曹操雖功蓋中夏,威震四海,崇詐杖術,征伐無已,民畏其威,而不懷其德也。丕、叡承之,係以慘虐,內興宮室,外懼雄豪,東西馳驅,無歲獲安,彼之失民,為日久矣。司馬懿父子,自握其柄,累有大功,除其煩苛而布其平惠,為之謀主而救其疾,民心歸之,亦已久矣。故淮南三叛而腹心不擾,曹髦之死,四方不動,摧堅敵如折枯,蕩異同如反掌,任賢使能,各盡其心,非智勇兼人,孰能如之?其威武張矣,本根固矣,群情服矣,姦計立矣。今蜀閹宦專朝,國無政令,而玩戎黷武,民勞卒弊,競於外利,不脩守備。彼彊弱不同,智算亦勝,因危而伐,殆其克乎!若其不克,不過無功,終無退北之憂,覆軍之慮也,何為不可哉?昔楚劍利而秦昭懼,孟明用而晉人憂,彼之得志,故我之大患也。」吳人笑其言,而蜀果降于魏。晉來伐吳,皓使悌督沈瑩、諸葛靚,率眾三萬渡江逆之。至牛渚,沈瑩曰:「晉治水軍於蜀久矣,今傾國大舉,萬里齊力,必悉益州之眾浮江而下。我上流諸軍,無有戒備,名將皆死,幼少當任,恐邊江諸城,盡莫能禦也。晉之水軍,必至於此矣!宜畜眾力,待來一戰。若勝之日,江西自清,上方雖壞,可還取之。今渡江逆戰,勝不可保,若或摧喪,則大事去矣。」悌曰:「吳之將亡,賢愚所知,非今日也。吾恐蜀兵來至此,眾心必駭懼,不可復整。今宜渡江,可用決戰力爭。若其敗喪,則同死社稷,無所復恨。若其克勝,則北敵奔走,兵勢萬倍,便當乘威南上,逆之中道,不憂不破也。若如子計,恐行散盡,相與坐待敵到,君臣俱降,無復一人死難者,不亦辱乎!」遂渡江戰,吳軍大敗。諸葛靚與五六百人退走,使過迎悌,悌不肯去,靚自往牽之,謂曰:「且夫,天下存亡有大數,豈卿一人所知,如何故自取死為?」悌垂涕曰:「仲思,今日是我死日也。且我作兒童時,便為卿家丞相所拔,常恐不得其死,負名賢佑顧。今以身徇社稷,復何遁邪?莫牽曳之如是。」靚流涕放之,去百餘步,已見為晉軍所殺。

Book of Wu 11 - Biography of Zhu RanEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:柤音如租稅之租。柤中在上黃界,去襄陽一百五十里。魏時夷王梅敷兄弟三人,部曲萬餘家屯此,分布在中廬宜城西山鄢、沔二谷中,土地平敞,宜桑麻,有水陸良田,沔南之膏腴沃壤,謂之柤中。

Book of Wu 16 - Biography of Pan JunEdit

  1. 《襄陽記》曰:襄陽習溫為荊州大公平。大公平,今之州都。祕過辭於溫,問曰:「先君昔曰君侯當為州里議主,今果如其言,不審州里誰當復相代者?」溫曰:「無過於君也。」後祕為《尚書》僕射,代溫為公平,甚得州里之譽。

Read the Xiangyang jijiu ji online (Chinese)Edit

Chaptertitle Translation
1 卷第一: 人物 Scroll 1: Personages
2 卷第二: 人物 Scroll 2: Personages
3 卷第三: 山川 Scroll 3: Mountains
4 卷第四: 城邑 Scroll 4: Cities
5 卷第五: 牧守 Scroll 5: Mushou

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  • Sometimes called the Xiāngyáng jíjiù zhuán 襄陽耆舊傳 (“Biographies of the Elders of Xiangyang”) or simply Xiāngyáng jì 襄陽記 (“Accounts of Xiangyang”).

ReferencesEdit

  1. Mingde, Su. biography of Pang Tong. Retrieved from Kongming's Archives: kongming.net

SourcesEdit

  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).

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