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The Xiandi chunqiu 獻帝春秋 (Chronicle of Emperor Xian) was a Chinese text written by Yuan Ye 袁曄.

Bits of informationEdit

Emperor Xian of Han reigned from 189 to 220. He was born as Liu Xie 劉協 in 181 and lived until 234.

About the author Yuan Ye not much is known, except that he wrote in the third century and that his name is written as 袁曄 in the Book of Wei 1, and as 袁暐 in the Book of Wei 6.

The book was originally 10 juan 卷 long, and by the time of the compilation of the Book of Sui (7th century) there were still 10 juan surviving.[2] Nowadays, only 1 juan of this book survives, along with 28 citations in the Records of the Three Kingdoms, which you can read below.

Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit

Book of Wei 1 - Annals of Emperor Wu (Cao Cao)Edit

  1. 袁曄《獻帝春秋》曰:太祖圍濮陽,濮陽大姓田氏為反閒,太祖得入城。燒其東門,示無反意。及戰,軍敗。布騎得太祖而不知是,問曰:「曹操何在?」太祖曰:「乘黃馬走者是也。」布騎乃釋太祖而追黃馬者。門火猶盛,太祖突火而出。
  2. 《獻帝春秋》曰:天子初至洛陽,幸城西故中常侍趙忠宅。使張楊繕治宮室,名殿曰揚安殿,八月,帝乃遷居。
  3. 《獻帝春秋》曰:袁紹叛卒詣公云:「田豐使紹早襲許,若挾天子以令諸侯,四海可指麾而定。」公乃解繡圍。
  4. 《獻帝春秋》曰:備謂岱等曰:「使汝百人來,其無如我何;曹公自來,未可知耳!」
  5. 《獻帝春秋》曰:收紀、晃等,將斬之,紀呼魏王名曰:「恨吾不自生意,竟為羣兒所誤耳!」晃頓首搏頰,以至於死。

Book of Wei 6 - Biography of Dong ZhuoEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:先是童謠曰:「侯非侯,王非王,千乘萬騎走北芒。」卓時適至,屯顯陽苑。聞帝當還,率眾迎帝。

Book of Wei 6 - Biography of Yuan ShaoEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:卓欲廢帝,謂紹曰:「皇帝沖闇,非萬乘之主。陳留王猶勝,今欲立之。人有小智,大或癡,亦知復何如,為當且爾;卿不見靈帝乎?念此令人憤毒!」紹曰;「漢家君天下四百許年,恩澤深渥,兆民戴之來乆。今帝雖幼沖,未有不善宣聞天下,公欲廢適立庶,恐衆不從公議也。」卓謂紹曰:「豎子!天下事豈不決我?我今為之,誰敢不從?爾謂董卓刀為不利乎!」紹曰:「天下健者,豈唯董公?」引佩刀橫揖而出。臣松之以為紹于時與卓未搆嫌隙,故卓與之諮謀。若但以言議不同,便罵為豎子,而有推刃之心,及紹復荅,屈彊為甚,卓又安能容忍而不加害乎?且如紹此言,進非亮正,退違詭遜,而顯其競爽之旨,以觸哮闞之鋒,有志功業者,理豈然哉!此語,妄之甚矣。
  2. 《獻帝春秋》曰:紹恥班在太祖下,怒曰;「曹操當死數矣,我輒救存之,今乃背恩,挾天子以令我乎!」太祖聞,而以大將軍讓於紹。
  3. 樂資《山陽公載記》及袁暐《獻帝春秋》並云太祖兵入城,審配戰於門中,旣敗,逃于井中,於井獲之。臣松之以為配一代之烈士,袁氏之死臣,豈當數窮之日,方逃身於井,此之難信,誠為易了。不知資、暐之徒竟為何人,未能識別然否,而輕弄翰墨,妄生異端,以行其書。如此之類,正足以誣罔視聽,疑誤後生矣。寔史籍之罪人,達學之所不取者也。

Book of Wei 6 - Biography of Yuan ShuEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:術從日磾借節觀之,因奪不還,備軍中千餘人,使促辟之。日磾謂術曰:「卿家先世諸公,辟士云何,而言促之,謂公府掾可劫得乎!」從術求去,而術留之不遣;旣以失節屈辱,憂恚而死。

Book of Wei 7 - Biography of Zhang MiaoEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:袁術議稱尊號,邈謂術曰:「漢據火德,絕而復揚,德澤豐流,誕生明公。公居軸處中,入則享于上席,出則為衆目之所屬,華、霍不能增其高,淵泉不能同其量,可謂巍巍蕩蕩,無與為貳。何為捨此而欲稱制?恐福不盈眥,禍將溢世。莊周之稱郊祭犧牛,養飼經年,衣以文繡,宰執鸞刀,以入廟門,當此之時,求為孤犢不可得也!」案本傳,邈詣術,未至而死。而此云諫稱尊號,未詳孰是。
  2. The Chronicle of Emperor Xian states: “Yuan Shu discussed claiming Imperial title. [Zhang] Miao said to [Yuan] Shu: “Han reigns by the virtue of fire. It ended [by usurpation of Wang Mang 9-23] but was restored [by Emperor Guangwu 25-57]. Its beneficial virtue is abundant and flows, and there was born an enlightened lord. You my lord occupy a critical central role. Entering you receive the benefit of the upper place [Imperial throne], and leaving you are looked up to by the masses. Even Hua [Wuhai] and Huo [Guang] could not reach this height, and the deepest springs cannot match this importance. You can be said to be towering and imposing, and could never turn to treachery. How can you abandon all this and wish to usurp? I fear your fortune will not go so far, and disaster shall soon overcome your line. Zhuang Zhou spoke of how someone prepared to sacrifice an ox, raised it for many years, dressed in embroidery, grasped the sacrificial knife, and entered the temple door, but then at that time [for sacrifice], the sacrificial calf could not be found.”” [3]
  3. 《獻帝春秋》曰:太祖軍至彭城。陳宮謂布:「宜逆擊之,以逸擊勞,無不克也。」布曰:「不如待其來攻,蹙著泗水中。」及太祖軍攻之急,布於白門樓上謂軍士曰:「卿曹無相困,我當自首明公。」陳宮曰:「逆賊曹操,何等明公!今日降之,若卵投石,豈可得全也!」
  4. 《獻帝春秋》曰:布問太祖:「明公何瘦?」太祖曰:「君何以識孤?」布曰:「昔在洛,會溫氏園。」太祖曰:「然。孤忘之矣。所以瘦,恨不早相得故也。」布曰:「齊桓舍射鉤,使管仲相;今使布竭股肱之力,為公前驅,可乎?」布縛急,謂劉備曰:「玄德,卿為坐客,我為執虜,不能一言以相寬乎?」太祖笑曰:「何不相語,而訴明使君乎?」意欲活之,命使寬縛。主簿王必趨進曰:「布,勍虜也。其衆近在外,不可寬也。」太祖曰:「本欲相緩,主簿復不聽,如之何?」

Book of Wei 8 - Biography of Gongsun ZanEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:瓚夢薊城崩,知必敗,乃遣間使與續書。紹候者得之,使陳琳更其書曰:「蓋聞在昔衰周之世,僵戶流血,以為不然,豈意今日身當其衝!」其餘語與典略所載同。

Book of Wei 10 - Biography of Xun YuEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:董承之誅,伏后與父完書,言司空殺董承,帝方為報怨。完得書以示彧,彧惡之,乆隱而不言。完以示妻弟樊普,普封以呈太祖,太祖陰為之備。彧後恐事覺,欲自發之,因求使至鄴,勸太祖以女配帝。太祖曰:「今朝廷有伏后,吾女何得以配上,吾以微功見錄,位為宰相,豈復賴女寵乎!」彧曰:「伏后無子,性又凶邪,往常與父書,言辭醜惡,可因此廢也。」太祖曰:「卿昔何不道之?」彧陽驚曰:「昔已嘗為公言也。」太祖曰:「此豈小事而吾忘之!」彧又驚曰:「誠未語公邪!昔公在官渡與袁紹相持,恐增內顧之念,故不言爾。」太祖曰:「官渡事後何以不言?」彧無對,謝闕而已。太祖以此恨彧,而外含容之,故世莫得知。至董昭建立魏公之議,彧意不同,欲言之於太祖。及齎璽書犒軍,飲饗禮畢,彧留請閒。太祖知彧欲言封事,揖而遣之,彧遂不得言。彧卒於壽春,壽春亡者告孫權,言太祖使彧殺伏后,彧不從,故自殺。權以露布於蜀,劉備聞之,曰:「老賊不死,禍亂未已。」臣松之案《獻帝春秋》云彧欲發伏后事而求使至鄴,而方誣太祖云「昔已嘗言」。言旣無徵,迴託以官渡之虞,俛仰之間,辭情頓屈,雖在庸人,猶不至此,何以玷累賢哲哉!凡諸云云,皆出自鄙俚,可謂以吾儕之言而厚誣君子者矣。袁暐虛罔之類,此最為甚也。

Book of Wei 13 - Biography of Wang LangEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:孫策率軍如閩、越討朗。朗泛舟浮海,欲走交州,為兵所逼,遂詣軍降。策令使者詰朗曰:「問逆賊故會稽太守王朗:朗受國恩當官,云何不惟報德,而阻兵安忍?大軍征討,幸免梟夷,不自埽屏,復聚黨衆,屯住郡境。遠勞王誅,卒不悟順。捕得云降,庶以欺詐,用全首領,得爾與不,具以狀對。」朗稱禽虜,對使者曰:「朗以瑣才,誤竊朝私,受爵不讓,以遘罪網。前見征討,畏死苟免。因治人物,寄命須臾。又迫大兵,惶怖北引。從者疾患,死亡略盡。獨與老母共乘一欐,流矢始交,便棄欐就俘,稽顙自首於征役之中。朗惶惑不達,自稱降虜。緣前迷謬,被詰慙懼。朗愚淺駑怯,畏威自驚。又無良介,不早自歸。於破亡之中,然後委命下隷。身輕罪重,死有餘辜。申脰就鞅,蹴足入絆,叱咤聽聲,東西惟命。」

Book of Wei 13 - Biography of Dong ZhaoEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:昭與列侯諸將議,以丞相宜進爵國公,九錫備物,以彰殊勳;書與荀彧曰:「昔周旦、呂望,當姬氏之盛,因二聖之業,輔翼成王之幼,功勳若彼,猶受上爵,錫土開宇。末世田單,驅彊齊之衆,報弱燕之怨,收城七十,迎復襄王;襄王加賞於單,使東有掖邑之封,西有菑上之虞。前世錄功,濃厚如此。今曹公遭海內傾覆,宗廟焚滅,躬擐甲冑,周旋征伐,櫛風沐雨,且三十年,芟夷羣凶,為百姓除害,使漢室復存,劉氏奉祀。方之曩者數公,若太山之與丘垤,豈同日而論乎?今徒與列將功臣,並侯一縣,此豈天下所望哉!」

Book of Shu 1 - Biography of Liu ZhangEdit

  1. 《漢獻帝春秋》曰:漢朝聞益州亂,遣五官中郎將牛亶為益州刺史;徵璋為卿,不至。

Book of Shu 2 - Biography of the Former Lord (Liu Bei)Edit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:陳登等遣使詣袁紹曰:「天降灾沴,禍臻鄙州,州將殂殞,生民無主,恐懼姦雄一旦承隙,以貽盟主日昃之憂,輒共奉故平原相劉備府君以為宗主,永使百姓知有依歸。方今寇難縱橫,不遑釋甲,謹遣下吏奔告于執事。」紹荅曰:「劉玄德弘雅有信義,今徐州樂戴之,誠副所望也。」
  2. 《獻帝春秋》曰:孫權欲與備共取蜀,遣使報備曰:「米賊張魯居王巴、漢,為曹操耳目,規圖益州。劉璋不武,不能自守。若操得蜀,則荊州危矣。今欲先攻取璋,進討張魯,首尾相連,一統吳、楚,雖有十操,無所憂也。」備欲自圖蜀,拒荅不聽,曰:「益州民富彊,土地險阻,劉璋雖弱,足以自守。張魯虛偽,未必盡忠於操。今暴師於蜀、漢,轉運於萬里,欲使戰克攻取,舉不失利,此吳起不能定其規,孫武不能善其事也。曹操雖有無君之心,而有奉主之名,議者見操失利於赤壁,謂其力屈,無復遠志也。今操三分天下已有其二,將欲飲馬於滄海,觀兵於吳會,何肯守此坐須老乎?今同盟無故自相攻伐,借樞於操,使敵承其隙,非長計也。」權不聽,遣孫瑜率水軍住夏口。備不聽軍過,謂瑜曰:「汝欲取蜀,吾當被髮入山,不失信於天下也。」使關羽屯江陵,張飛屯秭歸,諸葛亮據南郡,備自住潺陵。權知備意,因召瑜還。

Book of Shu 5 - Biography of Zhuge LiangEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:初,豫章太守周術病卒,劉表上諸葛玄為豫章太守,治南昌。漢朝聞周術死,遣朱皓代玄。皓從揚州刺史劉繇求兵擊玄,玄退屯西城,皓入南昌。建安二年正月,西城民反,殺玄,送首詣繇。此書所云,與本傳不同。

Book of Wu 1 - Biography of Sun JianEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:角稱天公將軍,角弟寶稱地公將軍,寶弟梁稱人公將軍。
  2. 《獻帝春秋》曰:袁術表堅假中郎將。堅到南陽,移檄太守請軍糧。咨以問綱紀,綱紀曰:「堅鄰郡二千石,不應調發。」咨遂不與。

Book of Wu 2 - Biography of Sun QuanEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:張遼問吳降人:「向有紫髯將軍,長上短下,便馬善射,是誰?」降人荅曰:「是孫會稽。」遼及樂進相遇,言不早知之,急追自得,舉軍歎恨。

Book of Wu 4 - Biography of Liu YaoEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:是歲,繇屯彭澤,又使融助皓討劉表所用太守諸葛玄。許子將謂繇曰:「笮融出軍,不顧命名義者也。朱文明善推誠以信人,宜使密防之。」融到,果詐殺皓,代領郡事。

Book of Wu 6 - Biography of Sun JingEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》曰:袁術遣吳景攻昕,未拔,景乃募百姓敢從周昕者死不赦。昕曰:「我則不德,百姓何罪?」遂散兵,還本郡。

Book of Wu 8 - Biography of Zhang HongEdit

  1. 《獻帝春秋》云:劉備至京,謂孫權曰:「吳去此數百里,即有驚急,赴救為難,將軍無意屯京乎?」權曰:「秣陵有小江百餘里,可以安大船,吾方理水軍,當移據之。」備曰:「蕪湖近濡須,亦佳也。」權曰:「吾欲圖徐州,宜近下也。」

Book of Wu 12 - Biography of Lu MaoEdit

  1. 迪孫曄,字思光,作《獻帝春秋》,云迪與張紘等俱過江,迪父綏為太傅掾,張超之討董卓,以綏領廣陵事。

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 袁曄《獻帝春秋》 (“Yuan Ye's 袁曄 Xiandi chunqiu 獻帝春秋”)
    Chen Shou. "Book of Wei 1" in Records of the Three Kingdoms, cited by Pei Songzhi.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 de Crespigny. “Index of Books and Writers quoted in the P'ei Sung-chih commentary to San-kuo chih” in The Records of the Three Kingdoms.
  3. "jiuyangda", biography of Lü Bu. Retrieved from Xuesanguo: xuesanguo.tumblr.com.

SourcesEdit

  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
  • "jiuyanda". Xuesanguo <xuesanguo.tumblr.com>.

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