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Shamoke 沙摩柯

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Shamoke 沙摩柯 also known as King Shamoke 沙摩柯王, was a ruler of non-Chinese barbarians. In 222 AD he aided Liu Bei in his grudge-battle against Wu.

BiographyEdit

Very little is written about Shamoke. His one mention can be found in the Sanguo zhi 卷58 - Book of Wu 13: Biography of Lu Xun:

諸將皆曰:「空殺兵耳。」遜曰:「吾已曉破之之術。」乃敕各持一把茅,以火攻拔之。一爾勢成,通率諸軍同時俱攻,斬張南、馮習及胡王沙摩柯等首,破其四十餘營。備將杜路、劉寧等窮逼請降。備升馬鞍山,陳兵自繞。遜督促諸軍四面蹙之,土崩瓦解,死者萬數。備因夜遁,驛人自擔,燒鐃鎧斷後,僅得入白帝城。其舟船器械,水步軍資,一時略盡,屍骸漂流,塞江而下。備大慚恚,曰:「吾乃為遜所折辱,豈非天邪!」
...he [Lu Xun] attacked [the Shu-Han troops] with fire and destroyed them. With this one stroke the thing was accomplished. He [Lu Xun] beheaded Zhang Nan 張南, Feng Xi 馮習 and Shamoke 沙摩柯, King of Hú 胡, as well as others and destroyed over forty of their encampments.[2]

Shamoke was a King of 胡. ‘Hú’ is an exonym for non-Chinese barbarians coming from the north or the west of China. In other words, Shamoke was the ruler, or a ‘King’, of a tribe of non-Chinese people.

Shamoke, as well as various other tribeleaders, joined Liu Bei in his 222 AD battle against Sun Quan. His exact role is unknown. It is unclear what he did during the battle before his death.

NotesEdit

Fact vs. FictionEdit

Historically…

  • …Shamoke did not kill Gan Ning
    [see the fictional event: Shamoke kills Gan Ning].
  • …Shamoke was not killed by Zhou Tai.
  • …Shamoke was not a king of tribal people of the five valleys in Wuling.
  • …Shamoke was not one of the Nanman.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Fang, Chronicle of the Three Kingdoms, volume 1, pages 101-102
  2. Fang, Chronicle of the Three Kingdoms, volume 1, page 102

SourcesEdit

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