The Seizing of Northern Ji Province was the first encounter between the two northern warlords and former allies Yuan Shao and Gongsun Zan. The encounter was initiated when Gongsun Zan lost his cousin Gongsun Yue at Yangcheng against Yuan Shao's officer Zhou Renming.


When Gongsun Zan heard of the death of his cousin Gongsun Yue at the death of an officer of Yuan Shao, he said, "My cousin is dead, and Yuan Shao is to blame." He led his army and camped at the Pan River. He sent a memorial to the court listing Yuan Shao's crimes and wrongdoings, and he brought his men forward to attack him.

Many of the cities of Ji province rebelled against Yuan Shao to support Gongsun Zan. Yuan Shao was afraid. He still held seal and ribbon as Grand Administrator of Bohai commandery, so he gave the insignia to Gongsun Fan, a distant younger cousin of Gongsun Zan, and sent him out to that commandery. Gongsun Fan, however, turned against Yuan Shao and brought the soldiers of Bohai commandery to help Gongsun Zan. Yuan Shao fled and thus the northern part of Ji province was taken by Gongsun Zan.

Gongsun Zan subsequently took authority to give appointments to his officers: Yan Gang as Inspector of Ji province, Tian Kai as Inspector of Qing province, and Shan Jing as Inspector of Yan province. He also changed the chief posts in commanderies and counties.[1]



  1. de Crespigny, To Establish Peace 1.