Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin, is currently the most commonly used romanization system for Standard Mandarin. Hànyǔ (汉语 / 漢語) means the Chinese language, and Pīnyīn (拼音) means "phonetics", or more literally, "spelling sound" or "spelled sound".
Pinyin has superseded older romanization styles such as Wade-Giles, from 1859, and Chinese Postal Map Romanization.
|孫權||Sun Quan||Sun Ch'üan||Sūn Quán|
|諸葛亮||Zhuge Liang||Chu-ko Liang||Zhūgě Liàng|
|董卓||Dong Zhuo||Tung Cho||Dǒng Zhuō|
|張飛||Zhang Fei||Chang Fei||Zhāng Fēi|