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Jiao-Guang erzhou chunqiu

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Jiao-Guang erzhou chunqiu 交廣二州春秋 (Spring and Autumn Annals of the Two Provinces Jiao and Guang) is a Chinese text written by Wang Fan 王範[2] in the 3rd century.[3] It covers the history of the provinces Jiao 交 and Guang 廣.


The Jiao-Guang erzhou chunqiu was compiled by Wang Fan, an official of Jin, who held office in the far south of the land. He presented the text to the court in 287.[2] The text is mentioned in the biography of Sun Jian in the Book of Wu 1 of Records of the Three Kingdoms.[1]

In the Book of Wu 15 a similarly titled text, Jiao-Guang ji 交廣記 ascribed to one Wang Yin 王隱 is quoted by Pei Songzhi. Wang Yin was the author of a number of works including a Jin shu 晉書 and a Shu ji 蜀記, both of which are quoted by Pei Songzhi. Rafe de Crespigny believes that the name Yin 隱 is actually a miswriting for Fan 範, and the references are both to the same book. The Jiu Tang shu 舊唐書 (“Old Book of the Tang Dynasty”) lists the Jiao-Guang erzhou chunqiu as being 1 juan 卷 large.[1][4]

Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit

There is only one reference to the Jiao-Guang erzhou chunqiu in Records of the Three Kingdoms, which is found in the Book of Wu 1, biography of Sun Ce.

  1. 臣松之案:太康八年,廣州大中正王範上《交廣二州春秋》。
Your servant [Pei] Songzhi comments thus: In the 8th year of Taikang, Wang Fan 王範, the Great Rectifier of Guangzhou, submits to the court the "Spring and Autumn Annals of the Two Provinces Jiao and Guang".”

In the Book of Wu 15, biography of Lü Dai, Pei Songzhi quoted the Jiao-Guang ji:

  1. 王隱《交廣記》曰:吳後復置廣州,以南陽滕脩為刺史。或語脩蝦鬚長一丈,脩不信,其人後故至東海,取蝦鬚長四丈四尺,封以示脩,脩乃服之。
Wang Yin's 王隱 Records of Jiao and Guang mentioned: Wu later re-established the Province Guang, appointing Teng Xiu 滕脩 from Nanyang as its inspector. Someone told Xiu that there existed prawn with antennas as long as 1 zhang (~242cm), but Xiu did not believe it. Therefore that man later went to the East Sea, captured a prawn with antennas as long as 4 zhang & 4 chi (~1065cm), sealed it and displayed it to Xiu. Xiu hereby was convinced.”

See alsoEdit



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 de Crespigny. The Records of the Three Kingdoms, page 51
  2. 2.0 2.1 太康八年,廣州大中正王範上《交廣二州春秋》
    Chen Shou. "Book of Wu 1" in Records of the Three Kingdoms, cited by Pei Songzhi.
  3. de Crespigny. "Bibliography" in Generals of the South.
  4. de Crespigny. "Sources for the History", in Generals of the South, page 18.


  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
  • de Crespigny, Rafe. Generals of the South: the foundation and early history of the Three Kingdoms state of Wu. Canberra: The Australian National University, 1990.
  • —. The Records of the Three Kingdoms: a study in the historiography of San-kuo chih. Canberra: The Australian National University, 1970.

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