Han Xiandi qiju zhu 漢獻帝起居注 (Diaries of Activities and Repose of Emperor Xian of Han) is a Chinese court diary of Liu Xie as Emperor Xian of Han.
Bits of informationEdit
Emperor Xian of Han reigned from 189 to 220. He was born as Liu Xie 劉協 in 181 and lived until 234.
"Qiju zhu" 起居注 were daily records of the actions and words of the Emperor in court.
Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit
Book of Wei 1 - Biography of Cao CaoEdit
- The Diaries of Activities and Repose of Emperor Xian says: “His Excellency said to the Emperor, “The General-In-Chief and Marquis of Ye Yuan Shao had earlier with the Governor of Ji province Han Fu wished to set up the Grand Major Liu Yu as Emperor, and crafted a royal seal from gold. For this reason he dispatched the official Zhang Biyu to call on Yu and persuade him that it was decreed by heavenly mandate. Shao also wrote a letter to your servant, saying, “I can set the capital city in Juancheng, and in that place establish the emperor.” Without authority he minted gold and silver currency, made the recommendations of Filially Pious and Incorrupt to the officials, and everyone reported to Shao. Following this his younger brother the Grand Administrator of Jiyin wrote to him in a letter, saying, “Presently there is misfortune and ruin within the four seas and Heaven’s will lies within our family. If the divine essence is to be granted it is fitting that it honor the older brother. The officials under the southern brother desire for his enthronement but the southern brother said, with regard to age the northern brother is older thus with regard to enthronement the northern brother should receive that weighty honor. It is my desire to give you the royal seal and then together we may waylay Cao Cao.” Shao’s family has for many generations received the kindness and respect of the country, and none have tread the path of wicked rebellion and gone so far as this. I have personally restrained his military forces. I have engaged in battle at Guandu and, relying on the strength of the imperial court, I first achieved the beheading of Shao’s general Chunyu Qiong and eight other men and then thoroughly routed his forces. Shao and his son Tan were humbled and quickly fled away. Altogether seventy thousand soldiers were beheaded and many millions of military supplies and belongings.”
- The Diaries of Activities and Repose of Emperor Xian says: “The Emperor sent the Minister of Ceremonies Xu Qiu to present the silken seal of office. The Imperial Counselor would not be subject to the other ministers and but a single man was installed as Attendant Clerk.”
- The Diaries of Activities and Repose of Emperor Xian says: “The Emperor tasked the Staff of Authority to the Acting Grand Master of Ceremonies, Grand Minister of Agriculture and Marquis of the village of Anyang Wang Yi and had him send black jade, red silk and fifty bolts of thin, coarse silk to Ye as payment for the marriage. Five men to serve as assistants to the marriage, all of them of Yilang rank, were also granted to assist His Excellency with the matter as well as one man to serve as deputy assistant.”
- The Diaries of Activities and Repose of Emperor Xian says: “The Emperor tasked the Acting Grand Master of Ceremonies, Grand Minister of Agriculture and Marquis on the village of Anyang Wang Yi, and the Director of the Imperial Clan Liu Ai, with the Staff of Authority, with five men as assistants. They sent bundles of silk and a team of horses and additionally sent officials of the Gentlemen in Attendance at the Yellow Gates, supporting imperial court officials and two eunuchs of the Regular Palace Attendants to welcome the two noblemen from the Duke of Wei’s state. In the second month, on the guihai day, the Emperor, at the Duke of Wei’s ancestral temple, gave official seals to them. On the jiazi day the Emperor called on the Duke of Wei at his palace by the Gate of Prolonged Autumn to welcome him to ascend the chariot. The Emperor dispatched the Prefect of the Gentlemen of the Palace, the Privy Treasurer, the Bo Shi, the Prefect of the Imperial Horsemen of the Yellow Stables and the Imperial Chancellor with their subordinate officials to attend to the him. On the guiyou day, when they arrived at Weicang, the Emperor sent the Palace Attendant Dan leading a voluminous crowd of men Rapid As Tigers all around, in an endless stream of horses, to welcome them. On the yihai day the two noblemen entered the palace and the Imperial Clerk Grandee, the Jiang Dafu with salary of fully two thousand shi and the Gentleman-Consultants congregated at the rear of the palace, while the two ministers of the State of Wei, the Regular Palace Attendants and two Gentlemen of the Household joined with the Excellencies and Ministers of Han in the palace hall for a celebratory banquet.”
- The Diaries of Activities and Repose of Emperor Xian says: “The Emperor tasked the General of the Gentlemen of the Household on the Left Yang Xuan and the Marquis of a village Pei Mao with the Staff of Authority to convey the seal to His Excellency.”
Book of Wei 2 - Biography of Cao PiEdit
Book of Wei 6 - Biography of Dong ZhuoEdit
Book of Wei 11 - Biography of Bing YuanEdit
Book of Shu 2 - Biography of Liu BeiEdit
- The Diaries of Activities and Repose of Emperor Xian says: “Before the plot among Dong Cheng et al. and Liu Bei had been discovered, Liu Bei departed. Dong Cheng said to [Wang Zi]fu, ‘Guo Duo 郭多 had several thousand soldiers and with them was able to destroy the tens of thousands of men under Li Jue, but you and I cannot. Formerly Lü Buwei’s 呂不韋 house depended on Zichu 子楚 and later became esteemed. Now, you and I can use these means.’ [Wang Zi]fu said, ‘I fear that I am not worthy. Furthermore, our soldiers are few.’ Dong Cheng said, ‘Once we have begun the uprising, we can gain Cao Cao’s trained troops. What need is there to worry about there not being enough?’ [Wang Zi]fu said, ‘In the capital is there someone who can be trusted?’ Dong Cheng said, ‘The commandant of the Long River regiment, Chong Ji 种輯, and the court gentleman for consultation, Wu Shuo 吳碩, are trusted agents.’ Subsequently, they set their plan.”
- Han Ling-Xian erdi ji
- Xiandi chunqiu
- Emperor Xian of Han
- List of cited texts in Records of the Three Kingdoms
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 de Crespigny. “Index of Books and Writers quoted in the P'ei Sung-chih commentary to San-kuo chih” in The Records of the Three Kingdoms.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Kongming's Archives, biography of Cao Cao. Copyright © 2006 Adrian Loder.
- ↑ Crowell, Record of The Three Kingdoms: The History of Shu Fascicle Two: “The Former Lord”.
- Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
- de Crespigny, Rafe. The Records of the Three Kingdoms: a study in the historiography of San-kuo chih. Canberra: The Australian National University, 1970.
- Loder, Adrian. biography of Cao Cao. Retrieved from Kongming's Archives: kongming.net