The Baoshang ling 襃賞令 (Order on Appraisal and Rewards), was a Chinese order written by Cao Cao 曹操.

Bits of informationEdit

The Baoshang ling is a collection of imperial orders of honour and eulogy from the archives of Wei.[1]

Fragments in Records of the Three KingdomsEdit

Book of Wei 1 - Annals of Emperor Wu (Cao Cao)Edit

  1. 《襃賞令》載公祀文曰:「故太尉橋公,誕敷明德,汎愛博容。國念明訓,士思令謨。靈幽體翳,邈哉晞矣!吾以幼年,逮并堂室,特以頑鄙之姿,為大君子所納。增榮益觀,皆由獎助,猶仲尼稱不如顏淵,李生之厚歎賈復。士死知己,懷此無忘。又承從容約誓之言:『殂逝之後,路有經由,不以斗酒隻雞過相沃酹,車過三步,腹痛勿怪!』雖臨時戲笑之言,非至親之篤好,胡肯為此辭乎?匪謂靈忿,能詒己疾,懷舊惟顧,念之悽愴。奉命東征,屯次鄉里,北望貴土,乃心陵墓。裁致薄奠,公其尚饗!」
“The Order on Appraisal and Rewards records that when His Excellency [Cao Cao] offered sacrifice he said: “The former Grand Commandant, His Excellency Qiao, was from birth imbued with the highest virtue, extensive kindness and abundant forgiveness. The nation gives thought to his virtuous instruction and the scholars to putting his decrees into practice. His bier conceals his body in seclusion, alas so far from the light of dawn! When I was of a young age I was taken and brought to the main room of his home, which was unusual on account of my coarse and uncouth appearance, for the purpose of being received by that great man of honor. Increased honor and reputation are each due to praise and assistance, just as Zhongni said there were none as good as Yan Yuan and Li Sheng’s generous acclaim for Jia Fu. He was committed to being my close confidant, and in my heart I have not forgotten this. It was also with great ease that he arranged this pledge, saying, ‘After my death this is the method you are to follow. Do not use a vessel of wine, merely sacrifice a chicken over the grave and pour the libation, passing it over a space of three paces, but do not be bewildered if your belly is pained!’ Although at the time he spoke jokingly of it, if he was not to a close friend being sincere about his health, why would he therefore be making preparations for going away? One should not speak of departed souls with resentment as you may be giving yourself pain and suffering. One should reminisce with fondness only, and sad, sorrowful thoughts. I received orders to go to the east, and made camp for a number of days in my home village. To the north I saw the sacred earth, and therefore in my heart resolved to visit his tomb. It was his decision to be given but a simple libation, but His Excellency (referring to Qiao) will still be granted a sacrifice!””[2]

See alsoEdit



  1. 1.0 1.1 de Crespigny. “Index of Books and Writers quoted in the P'ei Sung-chih commentary to San-kuo chih” in The Records of the Three Kingdoms.
  2. Loder, Adrian. biography of Cao Cao. Retrieved from Kongming's Archives:


  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).
  • Loder, Adrian. biography of Cao Cao. Retrieved from Kongming's Archives:

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